International Law And The Right To A Healthy Environment As A Jus Cogens Human Right

I. JURISPRUDENTIAL BACKGROUND AND THEORETICAL ISSUES

To date, traditional international law does not consider human environmental rights to a clean and healthy environment to be a jus cogens human right. Jus cogens (“compelling law”) refers to preemptory legal principles and norms that are binding on all international States, regardless of their consent. They are non-derogable in the sense that States cannot make a reservation to a treaty or make domestic or international laws that are in conflict with any international agreement that they have ratified and thus to which they are a party. They “prevail over and invalidate international agreements and other rules of international law in conflict with them… [and are] subject to modification only by a subsequent norm… having the same character.” (1) Thus, they are the axiomatic and universally accepted legal norms that bind all nations under jus gentium (law of nations). For example, some U.N. Charter provisions and conventions against slavery or torture are considered jus cogens rules of international law that are nonderogable by parties to any international convention.

While the international legal system has evolved to embrace and even codify basic, non-derogable human rights (2), the evolution of environmental legal regimes have not advanced as far. While the former have found a place at the highest level of universally recognized legal rights, the latter have only recently and over much opposition, reached a modest level of recognition as a legally regulated activity within the economics and politics of sustainable development. KIU

1. The international legal community recognizes the same sources of international law as does the United States’ legal system. The three sources of international law are stated and defined in the Restatement (Third) of the Foreign Relations Law of the United States (R3dFRLUS), Section 102. The first source is Customary International Law (CIL), defined as the “general and consistent practice of states followed out of a sense of legal obligation” (3) (opinio juris sive necessitatus), rather than out of moral obligation. Furthermore, CIL is violated whenever a State, “as a matter of state policy,… practices, encourages or condones (a) genocide, (b) slavery… (c) the murder or causing the disappearance of individuals, (d) torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment… or (g) a consistent pattern of gross violations of internationally recognized human rights.” (4) To what extent such human rights need to be “internationally recognized” is not clear, but surely a majority of the world’s nations must recognize such rights before a “consistent pattern of gross violations” results in a violation of CIL. CIL is analogous to “course of dealing” or “usage of trade” in the domestic commercial legal system.

Apply These 5 Secret Techniques To Improve Selling Machine

Selling superstars aren’t born, they are made. The truth be told, they are self-made. They are selling machines.

You can become the quintessential salesperson if you stay focused and work hard.

Here are 10 steps to follow if you want to become a selling machine.

1. “Yes I can!” Begin everyday thinking and saying aloud “Yes I can!” The choice is pretty obvious here. You’re either thinking “Yes I can” or “Yes I can’t.” You have to believe, truly believe that you can do anything you set your mind to doing. It’s an attitude and attitude determines your destiny.

2. “I will” versus “I’ll try.” Trying accomplishes nothing, nada, zippo. Doing – gets things done. Begin every day with the intention of doing instead of trying. Once again this is an example of an appropriate mindset if you want to become a selling machine.

3. Becoming rich is a state of mind and so is becoming poor. Which do you prefer? Put a crisp $100 bill in your wallet. Not many people have crisp $100 bills in their wallets. The $100 bill won’t make you rich but it will make you feel good just knowing it’s there. It’s also a great way to rid your mind of any negative thinking about money.

4. Establish daily written and prioritized goals. Begin each day with purpose and passion in the pursuit of your daily goals. Push aside all interruptions and distractions until your written goals are achieved. Purpose and passion elude most people. If you doubt me, make note of all the people you see in a single day that strike you as having purpose and passion. It might be days before you spot one. With purpose and passion you’ll standout from the competitive crowd – and that’s a good thing. ASM

5. Don’t complain and don’t explain. Just go about your business energetically and enthusiastically. Your enthusiasm will fuel your purpose and passion – so don’t leave home without it. Complaining and explaining creates negative energy. Just stay focused on your daily goals and you’ll stay on track and accomplish more than ever.

6. Go buy a composition notebook. Call it your success or idea journal. This is the place to keep all of your good ideas. Make your life your laboratory and keep tabs on what works and what doesn’t work. Write down your thoughts and action steps. Include words of wisdom. Include everything that inspires you. Include everything that’s noteworthy. This is the place to also keep your favorite quotations.

7. Take chances and don’t fear failure. I didn’t always think this way, but now that I do I realize it’s a much better way to live your life. Our country is what it is today because of the cumulative risks taken by all the generations who came before us. Every once in a while some radical thinking is needed to shake things up in your life – personally and professionally. Of course this is easy to say and hard to do. Just think “Yes I can.”

5 Warning Signs Of Your Seo Demise

Search Engine Optimization (SEO) has been around since the mid 90’s. In the last five years it has increased in popularity. Why? It places a website in a position to be seen by more people, thus potentially leading to more success (i.e. online sales, exposure, etc).

We could conclude this article right now and it would be quite obvious that SEO is important and should be implemented by anyone and everyone. Don’t get ahead of yourself just yet. Let’s look a little a more in depth at SEO. รับทำ seo ราคาถูก

SEO Defined

SEO is the process of optimizing a website in order to increase its overall page ranking with search engines like Google, Bing, Yahoo!, MSN, and so on. The goal is to increase quality traffic to a website based on keywords (search terms). Let’s use a landscaping company for an example. We’ll call the company ABC Landscaping.

ABC Landscaping is located in Houston, TX. This is just a guess but I would imagine that there are 1000’s of landscaping services in Houston, TX. In fact, Google retrieved 261,000 results when I searched for “landscaping services Houston TX”.

In this case, the goal of SEO would be to improve the placement of ABC Landscaping when a user searched for specific keywords, like “landscaping services Houston TX”. The perfect situation would be if ABC Landscaping was the very first result, or, at the very least, was on the first page of results. Is this possible? Well, it depends. Let’s look a little deeper into SEO.

SEO Methods

SEO is performed using several methods.

  • Cross linking between pages of the same website
  • Inbound linking from external websites
  • Adding relevant keywords to a website’s meta tags
  • Content, content, content…

Now don’t get SEO and SEM (Search Engine Marketing) confused with each other. SEO utilizes unpaid, or organic, practices. SEM utilizes paid practices like Google AdWords. We’ll discuss SEM in another article but let’s get back to SEO for now.

I’m sure you noticed the emphasis placed on content in the above mentioned SEO Methods. Content is the absolute most important area when dealing with SEO. Search engines look for relevant and fresh content. Therefore, it is important to keep your website updated with content that is relevant and very specific to the keywords people may enter when they are searching for your services. It’s great to optimize a website but content is king and a web developer can only do so much. This is where I believe there is a lot of confusion.

New Online Casino Games

A variety of offered products and/or services is one of main conditions to attract customers. In gambling business it is games first of all. Different places offer different games, but the leading ones are poker, blackjack, and roulette. Less popular and therefore rare in gaming houses are game of craps and baccarat. There are also about 10 special games in the world. However there are far more games in casino. Where do they come from? They appear due to different things:

1. Inventions

Every year about 2-3 new author games appear on international exhibitions. In the beginning they attract casino operators by their uncommonness very much, who examine them, read incomprehensible rules carefully and try to play these now-how. But 안전공원 their interest gradually disappears. In fact these games are not interesting and sometimes can be difficult to understand not just for an ordinary player, but casino representative as well. Also many games require special equipment. Even if the owner places a table for such game, the customers of casino will be disappointed by it: “Too difficult, boring, not interesting”. And frequently: “No chance”.

2. Casino inventions

From time to time the owner or employees of gaming houses invent quite interesting games. However, they have no future as well because of the above mentioned reasons: “I don’t want to spend money to learn new games”.

3. Innovations, based on the change of existing games

In this case, to think of a new game, it is enough to change the rules of already existing one.

So what makes gaming houses to introduce new games in a casino? Are modern players bored with original version of roulette, blackjack and poker? Not at all. Except some kinds of poker, that are popular nowadays due to really interesting innovations, all new games are only small marketing help in promotion actions of casino. They do not have any playing effect.

If a game is too complicated and casino wins a lot, players leave it at once. It is not interesting for the customers to play too simple and ineffective games. Far more attractive for them are games with the history, such as roulette, queen of the games; poker, having many combinations; intellectual blackjack, having as many or even more combinations as poker games. Besides, if an online casino offers bonuses in a form of free cash, these bonuses turn the house edge that normally exists in these casino games into a player edge over the house. That’s why online casinos started disallowing some games form qualifying for the wagering requirements on their bonus offers. Online casinos that disallow blackjack from their bonus offers lose a lot of good customers. There are still many casinos that disallow blackjack from the wagering requirement qualifying play, but a player should always look at which games these casinos do allow, and play only if the house edge will be small enough on the allowed casino games to provide good money value for the bonus.

There is an opinion, that for the majority of players it is not so important what to play. The main thing for them is an atmosphere of a game. For example, roulette – people are trying to get to the bottom of this game for ages. Naturally it is easy to join them and try your luck.

As a result it appears that the same games such as roulette, blackjack, poker are popular in casino, and all the rest ones keep manager happy that there is “a variety of games” there. That is not bad at all; the main thing is that both players and employees of casino are satisfied.

Introduction to No Deposit Casinos

Mention of the word ‘casino’ conjures images of risk and great risk taking in many peoples’ minds. Indeed, there are people who would very much like to participate in the various games that casinos offer to the patrons, but who are put off by the risk inherent in so doing.

Typical online casinos, for instance, usually require the patrons to deposit a given amount of money (referred to in most circles as the ‘playing deposits’) – from which the casinos are then able to pay the winnings to the lucky players, finance their operations (staff costs, web hosting costs in the case of online casino, and so son), and also to make a profit for their creators, the ‘house owners,’ as it were.

The way no deposits casinos work, on the other hand, however is through a system where the players don’t have to deposit any money with the ‘house’ to start playing. Some actually take the no deposit philosophy to another level, where they integrate it with the increasingly popular ‘casino bonus’ system – to come up with what can be termed as a no deposit casino bonus system, in which players have a real chance to get real money out of their playing without having to put anything (besides their effort and time really) into the ‘house.’

The no deposit casino system is not game specific, and most of the no deposit casinos actually offer the whole range of games offered in the other typical casinos that demand deposits off their members, the games in question being anything from roulette to slots, blackjack and poker.

Most no deposit casinos, as indeed all types of casinos, typically don’t allow admission to minors (people under the age of 18), generally for legal reasons.

To be sure, though, the no deposit casino bonus system tends to come with a few catches here and there, and it is important to read and understand the casinos terms and conditions carefully before getting in. For the most part, for instance, no deposit casinos will tend to put a limit to the amount of no deposit bonuses they allow – with some limiting it at as low amounts as $10. However low the amount that the no deposit casino bonus is, though, it is still ‘something for nothing’ and an opportunity to get something for free from the ‘house’ – and that, of itself, is an attractive option.

Someone might ask what the business logic of offering the no deposit casino options is, especially keeping in mind that the casinos are definitely not charities – but highly strategic businesses. The answer to the question of how the zero deposit casinos make their money lies in the understanding of the workings of ‘free samples’ marketing philosophy, where a company that is highly confident about its products offers some free samples to prospective buyers. So in a way of speaking, the no deposit casino bonus are the casino’s version of ‘free samples’ which, should the player get impressed with them, is expected to spur them to register with the casino, and thereby offer the casino the opportunity to make some money, while also giving the player the chance to earn even more money from the casino – depending on their skill and luck.

7 Myths About Casino Parties

There are many myths and misconceptions about holding a casino party. This article will address seven of the most common ones.

Myth # 1 – Casino Parties are Illegal
While gambling is not legal in most states, casino parties are legal in every state, although some may have restrictions if the purpose is for fund raising. Gambling consists of an exchange of real money for chips or other considerations. Casino fun parties utilize play money and chips given to participants without an equal exchange. Therefore it’s not really gambling, because you’re not really losing any money.

Myth # 2 – Casino Parties are Expensive
Compared to other forms of live entertainment, a casino party is a bargain. Even movie tickets can run more than $10 each. Concert tickets are often over a hundred bucks each, not including the outrageous 20% “Convenience Charge” that Ticketmaster imposes on each ticket. Broadway plays or shows in Las Vegas are often exorbitant as well. Most casino parties typically cost twenty to thirty dollars a person. Pretty reasonable, if you ask me.

Myth # 3 – Casino Parties are Difficult to Manage and Organize
Nothing could be further from the truth. Most times the casino rental company will provide a Pit Boss who will run your event, manage the casino dealers, and facilitate prize giveaways. The casino company needs three things for you to provide:
o Location
o Attendees
o Prizes

Myth # 4 – It’s Challenging to Find an Ideal Location
Finding a good location for your casino party will help to ensure your success. But it doesn’t have to be elegant or expensive. We’ve managed casino theme parties inside and outside, in garages, warehouses, hotels, empty office buildings, private homes, clubhouses, veteran’s halls, basements, community centers, and even under a pole barn in the middle of a farmer’s cow pasture. Location doesn’t seem to matter for the people attending the event.

Myth # 5 – I Don’t Have Enough Guests for a Casino Party
Yes, we’ve done quite a number of casino events for over a thousand attendees, but we’ve also done a lot for just 20 attendees. You’re able to adjust the number of tables needed to the amount of attendees expected. It’s not unusual for small casino nights to have just two or three tables.

Myth # 6 – We Don’t Know How to Play the Casino Games
Most casino fun party dealers will explain how to play the game. Some might even teach a simple system for betting. Casino parties always have attendees that have never been in a casino or have gambled. The only thing the casino dealer can’t guarantee is that you’ll win when you go to a real casino.

Different Online Casino Bonuses That Make Gambling a Genuine Habit

Traditional gambling was associated with limited number of land-based casinos and a few gamblers found at those establishments. The advent of online casino playing has not only raised the bar of gambling, but has also involved people from all sections of society. As a result, online casinos are growing in number, facing tough competition from one another. Online casino bonuses are the ways discovered by casinos on internet to attract more traffic of online gamblers that are simultaneously benefited by these bonuses. The following discussion highlights the most popular type of bonuses offered by online casinos.

Sign-up Welcome Bonuses

Upon joining an online casino, one can expect a warm welcome in the form of sign-up bonus. Also known as new player bonus, the amount is decided on the basis of amount deposited by the player and the bonus amount is paid as a fixed part every month.

Promotion Bonuses

Though most of the bonuses offered by online casinos are meant to publicize the gambling destination, the exact promotion bonus is sometimes offered in the form of free play casinos. The bonus is generally offered by a newly launched online casino for a limited period of time. By doing so, the casino can earn permanent registered members and also, make these members familiar with the useful aspects of the casino.

No Deposit Bonuses

Similar to the promotion bonuses no-deposit bonuses also allow the players to gamble free of cost. In fact, an additional advantage is offered in this category of bonuses, as the casino deposit a limited sum of money in the player’s account, enabling him or her to participate in some advanced casino games. This allows the players to test the proficiency of games offered by the casino online.

Referral Bonuses

After enjoying the sign-up bonus or promotion bonus with an online casino, you can have another type of bonus by referring the casino to your friends and other people interested in online gambling. If one of these people registers with the online casino, these gambling destinations are happy to provide you with referral bonuses.

Match Bonuses

One ca consider match bonuses to be the most attractive ones, as the player is provided with exact bonus amount as the money deposited by him or her in the gambling account. For instance, $200 will be the match bonus amount, if you deposit $200 in your gambling account on registering with an online casino.

Other Types of Online Casino Bonuses

o Reload bonuses are offered by online casinos retain its existing members by offering a new bonus in a particular month. So, the player is prevented from leaving the online casino before waiting for the bonus month.

o Sticky bonus is one in which the player is allowed to bet using the money deposited by the casino in his or her account, but the player is not allowed to withdraw the bonus money. The player can withdraw the money earned by him or her using that bonus money after which it is removed from the account.

Casino Online Betting – Why to Select Playing Online

If you look ten years back from now, you would probably recognize how difficult it was to manage some time from your busy schedule to get into a casino in order to enjoy your games. Time has changed and now you can essentially enjoy the same excitement and thrill of casinos right from your home computer. Casino online betting has come as a great boom eliminating the hassles and making it easier for people to reach out their preferred casino playoffs from anywhere and everywhere.

Leaving behind the requirement of traveling all the way to a faraway casino, you can now enjoy online betting at your computer with internet connection. Casino betting stands legal for all those who have attained the age of 21. So if you’re 21 and looking to try your hands in gambling, you can join in the same excitement available right in your own room. A variety of casino gambling sites are lined in the internet aiming to bring you the best always.

In fact, if you happen to play in any online casino site from before, you will probably know what are the main advantages associated with online casino betting. The features that an online casino offers its players are usually more than what are available in any land based casinos. Today, the online casinos have emerged as the most choice able medium emerging as the largest revenue maker of the gambling industry each year.

The reasons that makes online casino gambling the most popular medium of playing selected casino games include:

1.Offering more choices of online betting sites: It is the online casinos that make casino gaming much simpler as possible in terms of selection of particular sites to play. Currently, the internet includes a large number of casino sites than the total number of brick and mortar casinos based worldwide. Thus, you need not have to worry about the distance of finding a good casino.

Finding a good site is just a few clicks away. Additionally, you can always change your site at your own ease. However, one vital thing to consider is to avoid any kind of rogue casino sites. Make your casino online betting an enjoyable one ensuring the sites that are recognized and do not cheat the player’s money.

2.Convenient and easy withdrawal and deposit alternatives: The online sites offer a range of different banking options to help players in making their withdrawals and deposit. Most online betting sites accept major credit cards like Master and Visa for both withdrawal and deposit purpose. The use of wire transfer of money from the casino account to your banking account is safe and convenient ensuring a secure play each time. Additionally, you can also select to use other e-wallet options like that of Neteller, Entropay, Click2 pay, Money bookers, My Citadel to transfer the money to or from your own casino account.

3.Promotions and Bonuses to be won online: The bonuses and promotions also form to be an attractive option for casino online betting. You will never find these options in any brick and mortar casino. It is the online casino that offers you a range of welcome or sign up bonuses, cash back bonuses, no deposit or deposit matching bonuses and more. With these freebies, you will be able to increase your bankroll at ease. In addition, you can also make use of this kind of free money to increase your cash using them in your further bets.

Online Casino – Look Out For the Advantages

With the emergence of the online casino, people do not have to fly or drive to a faraway casino to play their favored games. Changing times and new innovations resulted in the growth and popularity of the internet casinos these days. Considering the present scenario, the online casino has developed as the most entertaining and enticing means to check out a number of popular casino games under one roof.

Gone are those days when you had to plan for a holiday or vacation to travel to a location like New Jersey or Las Vegas popular for offering the excitement of real casinos. However, it is obvious that while planning a holiday, you had to put aside your official commitments. It is more likely that traveling frequently leaving behind all your assignments may not be possible always.

The introduction of the internet casino or more popularly the online casino eliminates a lot of hassles for the gamers making it much more easy for them to reach out their favorite game at any time and at any place. Additionally, you do not require to travel all the way to any brick and mortar casino to play your casino game. Having a computer with internet connectivity can put an end to all these problems.

Casino online gives you access to a lot of gambling sites on the internet. If you’re 21 (the considered legal age of gambling) then you are ready to start with the online casino games. You should know that playing at any online casino site brings about a lot of advantages for the players.

Having a look on the major advantages of the online casinos will help you to know why this means of gambling has grown so popular. Why is it the most preferred option for most casino players worldwide? Well, in the following lines you will come across the most common advantages that online gambling brings you forward. These include

Playing at your convenience:

One of the main features of casino online that makes most gaming lovers to turn to gambling online is that the internet forms to be the most convenient medium these days. The online casino forms to be an essential way allowing more and more players to gamble with ease from their own residence. Till you’re connected to the internet, you can play your favored casino games 24×7. You just have to enter a site and get started with your chosen casino games.

Promotion and bonuses

The online gambling bonuses prove to be the most attractive options to select playing online. You will never be finding these kinds of options in any brick and mortar casino. Presently, you are offered a range of bonuses like deposit match bonus, sign up bonus or welcome bonus, no deposit bonus ad cash back bonus. These promotions can be a great way to attract more and more new players and hold on to the existing players as well. With bonuses, the players can easily increase the bankroll as they have much more cash in hand to bet.

More choice of casinos

With the internet casinos, you will get a choice of more casinos at a time. You can even switch over to one site to another as it depends solely on your wish.

Convenient and easy withdrawal and deposit options:

Sports Betting Basics – How Not to Lose Your Money in Sports Betting

Sports betting can be fun but there are important things that you need to keep in mind so that you will not also lose your hard-earned money so easily. Indeed, there are a number of considerations to remember especially if it involves money and for sure, you also want to put your money on sports betting because you want to win.

UFABET

If you are a sports enthusiasts who enjoys betting in sports outcome, here are a few sports betting basics that you might want to keep in mind.

– Know the rules. Most of the time, betting in sports is not just betting on the team who will win the game. In fact, betting on the favorite to win may put you in the advantage of winning. In fact, betting on the underdog may even put you in a more advantaged position of winning your bet. Of course, in gambling, betting on the team having the advantage or the team that is a crowd favorite does not always mean profit for you, so choose and bet wisely.

– Choose the type of bet that has higher chances of winning and lesser risks. But of course, if you learn the sports betting basics and the different types of bets, you can choose from a number of different types of bets that you can choose from especially when it comes to checking out the risks and your chances of winning. Keep in mind that each type of bet has their own risks and in some sporting events, the higher the jackpot prize, the higher the risk as well, and the more difficult it is to win. You can also choose from betting on the winning team, or you can also choose the team that will land on the first to third order, or you can also bet on the total score after the end of the game.

Whatever you choose, there are risks and possibilities of winning and you just have to make a wise decision. Most of the time, it is advantageous to win small but frequently than winning a big jackpot price once in a blue moon.

– Set an amount of bet that you can afford to lose. Not that you are aiming to lose but in betting, losing is part of it, so make sure that you will not end up broke after you lose once. Betting in sports is a gamble and results and outcome are uncertain and most of the time unpredictable. If you want to enjoy this past time, then make sure it will not drain your bankroll and will not leave you broke. Keep in mind that this should only be for fun and not for profit. A venture as risky as betting in sports may not be a good investment though.